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Signs of Bipolar Disorder

People with bipolar disorder can have a range of symptoms. Signs like extreme changes in energy, activity, sleep and behavior go along with theses changes in mood. 

In general, some signs of bipolar disorder include:

  • Depression: Persistent feeling of sadness and loss of interest.
  • Irritability: Feeling of agitation that can occur when someone in provoked. 
  • Rapid Speech: This kind of speech occurs when is really not in a two-way conversation. The person will try to speak rapidly and if you try to speak, they will likely just talk over you.
  • Drug or Alcohol Abuse: Bipolar disorder and alcoholism/drug abuse commonly co-occur. Multiple explanations for the relationship between these conditions have been proposed but it still remains poorly understood.
  • Sleep Difficulty: Bipolar Disorder may affect sleep in many ways. For example it can lead to: Insomnia, decreased need for sleep, delayed sleep phase syndrome, REM (rapid eye movement), Irregular sleep-wake schedules, co-occuring drug additions, co-occurring sleep apnea. 
  • Erratic Behavior: Irregular in performance or attitude. Inconsistent and unpredictable. 
  • Poor Judgement: A person might make poor decisions which may lead to unrealistic involvement in activities, meetings and deadlines, reckless driving, spending sprees and foolish business ventures.
  • Inability to complete tasks:  Difficulty concentrating, remembering or completing tasks. 
  • High Energy, Excessive Activity and/or Restlessness:  Excessive energy, racing thoughts and rapid talking. 

Bipolar Disorder. Definition and Types.

Bipolar Disorder, formerly called maniac depression, causes extreme mood swings that include emotional highs (mania or hypomania)  and lows ( depression). When you become depressed, you may feel sad or hopeless and lose interest or pleasure in most activities. When your mood shifts in the other direction, you may feel euphoric and full of energy. Mood shifts may occur only a few times a year or as often as several times a week.

Although bipolar disorder is a disruptive, long term condition, you can keep your moods in check by following a treatment plan. In most cases, bipolar disorder can be controlled with medications and psychological counseling (psychotherapy).

Types of bipolar disorder.
There are several types of bipolar disorder; all involve episodes of depression and mania to a degree. They include: Bipolar I, Bipolar II, Cyclothymic Disorder, Mixed Bipolar, and Rapid Cycling Bipolar Disorder.

Bipolar I.
A person affected by bipolar I disorder has had at least one manic episode in his or her life. A manic episode is a period of abnormally elevated mood, accompanied by abnormal behavioral that disrupts life.

Bipolar II.
Bipolar II is similar to bipolar I disorder, with moods cycling between high and low over time. However, in bipolar II disorder, the "up" moods never reach full-on mania.

Rapid Cycling.
In rapid cycling, a person with bipolar disorder experiences four or more episodes of mania or depression in one year. about 10%to 20% of people with bipolar disorder have rapid cycling.

Mixed Bipolar
In most forms of bipolar disorder, moods alternate between elevated and depressed over time. But with mixed bipolar disorder, a person experiences both mania and depression simultaneously or in rapid sequence.

Cyclothymia (cyclothymic disorder) is a relatively mild mood disorder. People with cyclothymic disorder have milder symptoms than in full-blown bipolar disorder.

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